This tragic and stirring idiom is shocking, but few people know its origin…

2022-05-07 0 By

The Western Han Dynasty, founded by Liu Bang, the Emperor Gaozu of the Han Dynasty, lasted about 220 years and then fell at the hands of a usurper, Wang Mang.Wang Mang did not become emperor for a few days, but he was defeated by the generals of the whole country. The ensuing war lasted for more than a decade, ending in the hands of a man named Liu Xiu, who founded a dynasty known as the Eastern Han.When peace comes, we should put our guns and swords into storage.Such was the case with liu Xiu’s army of heroes, eager to share the fruits of victory.These people were already big landowners and tyrants who had joined Liu xiu’s side for their own purposes, and now it seemed time for them to “enjoy the dividends of investment”.But there is such a strange, still in the old body, lying on the saddle, leading the army galloping in the battlefield, defending the hard-won peace and the emerging Eastern Han Dynasty.His name is Ma Yuan.Ma Yuan has a very legendary family pedigree and the same legendary family tradition.According to historical records, his ancestor was Zhao She, a famous general of the State of Zhao during the Warring States Period.According to historical records, his ancestor was a huns general who surrendered to the Western Han Dynasty.In short, this family was originally a military family, the family tradition is full of the brave temperament to fight for the country.Later, as the Western Han Dynasty attached great importance to cultural construction and advocated Confucianism, the Ma family began to abandon military forces and devote themselves to literature. There were gradually fewer military generals and more literati. For example, Ma Yuan’s three elder brothers became officials in the court by studying the Four Books and five Classics.Ma Yuan was an exception. His interest was not in reading, but in doing something great.What exactly does this great undertaking mean?Simply say is two words “calm chaos”.According to Ma Yuan’s observation and estimation, the decadent Western Han dynasty did not have many years to live, and after its collapse, various careerists would inevitably fight for control of the world.In his own estimation, it was impossible for him to sit in his study like his brothers. He was a man who had inherited the military temperament of his family, and he was bound to stand up and use his military ability to wipe out all forces and unite the world again.The question is in whose hands?He ma Yuan did not want to be the emperor, so he had to find a qualified person to be the emperor, for its effectiveness, for its “calm chaos world”.He found Liu Xiu.Liu Xiu was chosen not because liu Xiu shared the same surname as Liu Bang, but because the emperor, who was known for his fondness for Confucianism, was the most promising figure to bring peace to the world in a short period of time.He was willing to work for Liu Xiu, even if she was suspicious of him.After Liu Xiu wiped out the sifang group, Ma Yuan did not take off his armor, and the gang of landlords to fight for power and profit, but continue to brave wind, frost, rain and snow, fighting in the battlefield to defend the country.Can sigh like Liu Xiu so wise and promising emperor, also can not escape from the dark emperor thought, always feel ma Yuan gong Gao Zhen Lord.It happened that Ma Yuan was a straightforward soldier, enthusiastic about national affairs, in addition to their own military work, but also often put forward some economic and political proposals.In Liu xiu’s view, this is a very bad “overreach” behavior, he will not praise you for thinking about the country.As a result, Ma Yuan was doing more and more things for the country, but liu Xiu’s impression was getting worse and worse!Bad enough, the little guy has a chance.Did Ma Yuan not know about these things?It was impossible in his mind not to know, and he knew that, by the standards of the day, he would have been entitled to go home and enjoy himself.The question is, if he goes home to enjoy his fortune, who will protect this hard-won peace?Such a successor, in his view, has not yet emerged.Therefore, at the age of sixty-two, when he suffered the most from liu Xiu’s suspicion and vilification of petty men, on hearing of a rebellion in the south, he stood up again.At that time, the first batch of troops sent by the imperial court to quell the chaos had been completely destroyed because of the general’s incompetence, and no one was willing to come out to take over the mess. Liu Xiu was considering whether to “try it out” with several of his confidants.Before ma Yuan left for the war, he also decided to die in the grave. He told his friends who came to see him off: “I have suffered from the country for a long time. I was often ashamed of not being able to contribute more to the country.Who knows when the war is fierce, there was a villain to Liu Xiu into slander, murder ma Yuan.Liu Xiu believed this time.At that time, the old ma Yuan, because of the local environment is bad, seriously ill, is dying body and indomitably strong will, leading the army in the battle, the soldiers are crying.Ma Yuan died of illness before the rebuke from the emperor arrived.There is no proof of death, so the little people more crazy to denigrate the hero who died in the battlefield of protecting the country, Liu Xiu also had a “legitimate strike” reason, the result is ma Yuan unexpectedly fell a criminal court, lost all honor, after death can only be hastily buried in the wilderness.This is a tragic patriotic story.But later facts proved that justice was not in the hands of the emperor and the villain, but in history.Ma Yuan’s family was still active in the stage of the Eastern Han Dynasty. His daughter later became the empress and was famous for her virtue and did many things for the country and the people.Ma Yuan’s other descendants also made great contributions on the battlefield of defending the country.And Ma Yuan, forced on his injustice did not last long, in liu Xiu those who enjoyed the people gradually forgotten, Ma Yuan’s name is more and more shining, “dying on the horse” story is spread today.Wrap up a body in a horse’s skinThe will to fight for your country and die for it.2 source “The Book of the Later Han · Ma Yuan’s biography of the 14th” : “Aid said: ‘Now the Xiongnu, Wuhuan is still disturbing the north, to attack it.If a man should die in the wilderness and be buried in his ears, how can he lie in bed in the hands of his children?'” Ma Yuan said, “Now there are still foreign enemies in the northern border, I would like to take the initiative to apply to resist.A man should fight for his country, die on the battlefield, and be buried in a horse’s skin. Why should he stay at home in his old age to be waited on by his children?Comment on the Eastern Han Dynasty there was a so-called “yuntai twenty-eight generals”, which were recognized by the emperor of the founding of the country, but there was no “dying on horseback” horse assistance.But later, few people know “twenty-eight generals”, but a lot of people know Ma Yuan, know his patriotic spirit of “dying on horseback”.For example, xu Xilin, a revolutionary in the late Qing Dynasty, was inspired by the story of The Horse aid, and wrote the poem “only to die on the battlefield for the country, why die on the horse”, and died in the uprising.An ancient people nearly two thousand years ago, become a hero in the eyes of later generations, and use life to “imitate”, this is not already integrated into the national spirit of the strength of the family tradition?!This article is from the “idioms behind the family family story” editor: Chen Ai Zhong Ying proofread: Liu Chunchun source: China Founder Publishing House statement: this article copyright belongs to the original author, if there is a source error or infringement of your legitimate rights and interests, you can contact us through the mailbox, we will promptly deal with.Email address: jpbl@jp.jiupainews.com