How will China continue to contribute to the year of the Tiger in 2021?

2022-04-28 0 By

Beijing, February 3 news (reporter Zhu Min) According to the Voice of China, The China Media Group, “Newsline” reported that on the new journey of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way, scientific and technological innovation is the first driving force leading the development.In 2021, China’s scientific and technological undertakings will intensify their efforts and accelerate their leapfrog.Look up at the sky, look down on the earth, dive into the deep sea…A large number of major scientific and technological innovations have emerged.In the New Year, how will we make efforts?The year just passed was undoubtedly a highlight for China’s space endeavors. Tianwen landed on Mars 400 million kilometers away, and Tianhe, Tianzhou and Shenzhou launched in succession, creating a new history in China’s space endeavors.Chinese scientists have proved that magma activity existed on the moon until 2 billion years ago, about 800 million years longer than previous lunar samples, based on the study of the first lunar scientific samples.”When we put together the chang ‘e-5 basalt samples, the exact eruption age is 2.03 ±0.04 billion years, 800 to 900 million years later than the last magmatic and volcanic activity on the moon,” said Li Xianhua, an academician with the Chinese Academy of Sciences and a researcher with the Institute of Geology and Geophysics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.The achievements of looking up at the sky are not limited to space.In the past year, China’s Tianyan was officially opened to the world and more than 500 pulsars were discovered.The team observed fast radio storm FRB121102 using the Chinese Astronomical Telescope, and detected 1,652 bursts in about 50 days, obtaining the largest sample of fast radio bursts to date and exceeding the total number of bursts previously published in this field.Jiang Peng, chief engineer of China Tianyan, said the continuous improvement of tianyan’s operational efficiency and quality has played an important role in supporting scientific output.”We’re producing a lot of science, including the number of pulsars we’ve found, and there’s been an explosion of science output.We can confidently say that the ‘produce good results, produce big results’ phase has begun.”In October 2021, haidou-1, an all-ocean deep submersible developed by Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, completed 12 dives in the Mariana Trench during a scientific expedition, and realized the western sag of challenger Deep for the first time in the world with full coverage of high-precision acoustic cruise detection.It created a number of world records in uncabled mode, such as the maximum diving depth of 10908 meters and continuous underwater cruise for 8 hours, which filled the gap in the 10,000-meter scientific research of unmanned submersible in the world, marking that China’s unmanned submersible technology and equipment have entered a new stage of deep-sea exploration and operation application.Tang Yuangui, chief designer of haidou-1, said, “Haidou-1’s world-class achievements show that depth is no longer a factor limiting China’s deep-sea scientific research activities.China has the ability to carry out pioneering and leading scientific research with the high-tech equipment of unmanned underwater vehicles, facing the frontier of the world’s abyss science and technology.”In addition, China’s “artificial sun” has set a world record for ultra-high temperature plasma operation, laying an engineering foundation for future nuclear fusion power generation.In the past year, breakthroughs have been made in the field of basic scientific research represented by quantum computing.The research team of the Institute of Quantum Information and Quantum Science and Technology Innovation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has successfully constructed the quantum computing prototype “Jiuzhang no.2” and “Zuchong No.2”, marking that China has become the only country to realize the “quantum superiority” in both physical systems.Pan Jianwei, an academician at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said, “On the one hand, we have realized strong quantum computing advantages in the superconducting system. On the other hand, we have greatly improved the performance of the optical quantum computing system from 76 photons to 113 photons, and it is programmable in terms of phase.”It is worth mentioning that in 2021, China achieved the full artificial synthesis of starch for the first time in the world.The major original breakthrough in the field of synthetic biology is expected to have a revolutionary impact on food production and is of great significance to the development of the bio-manufacturing industry, said Ma Yanhe, director of the Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology.”There are three innovations in this work: first, it crosses the scientific gap of biological function from virtual to real, second, it crosses the scientific gap of artificial biological evolution, and third, it crosses the energy transfer gap of biochemical reaction.”Looking ahead to 2022, more technological innovations are expected.This year, China’s Tianyan program opened 1 percent of its observation time to primary and middle school students across the country.Children’s imagination may open up new ideas for space exploration.What else will the first lunar samples brought back by Chang ‘e-5 reveal?What other breakthroughs will quantum computing make?We look forward to more results.China will implement its 10-year plan for basic research in 2022, said Wang Zhigang, minister of Science and Technology.”Our economic, industrial, development and security capabilities will continue to be enhanced by constantly using new technologies to subvert past technologies.”